1 samuel 31 commentary

It may be that Saul fell on his sword, and life still lingered in him, so he asked this Amalekite to finish him off. 3-5. the battle went sore against Saul, &c.--He seems to have bravely maintained his ground for some time longer; but exhausted with fatigue and loss of blood, and dreading that if he fell alive into the enemy's hands, they would insolently maltreat him ( Joshua 8:29 , 10:24 , Judges 8:21 ), he requested his armor bearer to despatch him. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. So the Philistines fought against Israel: The Philistines attacked deep into Israeli territory (1 Samuel 28:4), and Saul’s army assembled and prepared for battle at Mount Gilboa (1 Samuel 28:4). These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. 1. We cannot judge of the spiritual or eternal state of any by the manner of their death; for in that, there is one event to the righteous and to the wicked. Taking advantage of the heights of Mount Gilboa, [the Israelites] attempted to rally, but in vain. When one servant passes the scene, another arises to take his place. When David heard of Saul’s death, he did not rejoice. In fact, he mourned and composed a song in honor of Saul and Jonathan (. Because of his deep rebellion against the LORD, Saul was not ready for battle: When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled. : This was the ultimate insult against Saul. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. They fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan: This was the ultimate insult against Saul. (11-13) The men of Jabesh Gilead end the disgrace of Saul and his sons. But the marvels of modern communication provide a solution: one event is covered live as it is taking place, while the other events are video taped. Eli is aged, both … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-10 [11-20]" 1Sa 31:1-7. of 1 Samuel 31:3 - The battle went heavily against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was badly wounded by the archers. Jesus knew this same principle would be used against His own disciples: Then Jesus said to them, “All of you will be made to stumble because of Me this night, for it is written: ‘I will strike the Shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’”, ii. Many years before Saul delivered their city from the Ammonites (1 Samuel 11:1-11), and they repaid the kindness God showed them from the hand of Saul. 1 Samuel 31:1-7 . on StudyLight.org to do His work. He pleaded with his armorbearer to kill him, and when he would not, Saul killed himself (, : As sad as anything was in this account, sad is the. It was the LORD’s mercy that did not allow David to join these enemies of the LORD. Then they took their bones and buried. (8-13)1-7 We cannot judge of the spiritual or eternal state of any by the manner of their death; for in that, there is one event to the righteous and to the wicked. It was high on that hill that the Philistines hung the decapitated corpse of King Saul in the ultimate humiliation. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. : In 2 Samuel 1:4-10 an Amalekite came to David with the report that Saul had died in battle and that he actually delivered the death-blow to Saul. 1 Samuel 31:1. Or it may be that the Amalekite simply lied and was the first one to come upon Saul’s dead body, and that he told David that he killed him because he thought David would be pleased and he would be rewarded. i. for just cause before the world and God’s people (1 Timothy 3:2, Titus 1:6). But that is a dangerous assumption because repentance is a gift from God and if it is here today it should be received today. Proud member (8-10) The Philistines disgrace the corpses of King Saul and his sons. i. c. When his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead: In 2 Samuel 1:4-10 an Amalekite came to David with the report that Saul had died in battle and that he actually delivered the death-blow to Saul. She went to the temple at Shiloh to pray for God’s help. 1. Then they put his armor in the temple of the Ashtoreths, and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. God was also merciful to Jonathan, sparing him the ordeal of having to side with David against his own brothers. Glory to God, He always has His valiant men! The events of this chapter are parallel to 1 Chronicles 10. Despite his sin, David never followed in the same tragic footsteps as King Saul. 12. valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons--Considering that Beth-shan is an hour and a half's distance, and by a narrow upland passage, to the west of the Jordan (the whole being a journey from Jabesh-gilead of about ten miles), they must have made all haste to travel thither to carry off the headless bodies and return to their own side of the Jordan in the course of a single night. They consecrated the armor of the king and his sons to the temple of Ashtaroth fastened their bodies on the temple of Shen, while they fixed the royal heads ignominiously in the temple of Dagon ( 1 Chronicles 10:10 ); thus dividing the glory among their several deities. (1-7) Saul's body rescued by the men of Jabesh-gilead. The *prophets also wrote accounts of events. ii. So Saul, his three sons, his armorbearer, and all his men died together that same day. It was probably resorted to on this occasion to prevent all risk of the Beth-shanites coming to disinter the royal remains for further insult. i. THE MEN OF JABESH-GILEAD RECOVER THE BODIES AND BURY THEM AT JABESH. The rest of the nation was ripe for total conquest by the Philistines. Doing Things God’s Way – 1 Samuel 30:1-31 (David fights the Amalekites) The Bitter End – 1 Samuel 31:1-13 (Saul takes his life) About RayFowler.org. So it happened the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. With the Philistine army occupying territory on the other side of the Jordan, they have cut Israel in half, drawing a line from west to east. Therefore Saul took a sword and fell on it. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 3:1-21 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: First Samuel begins with an account of Hannah, the wife of Elkanah. The men of Jabesh Gilead took down the bodies of Saul and his sons from their place of humiliation and gave them a proper burial. Upon taking the throne David rightly thanked these. The street was called from the temple which stood in it. In spite of all that Saul did against David, David spoke well of Saul after his death. All rights reserved. Many people put off getting right with God until a later time, assuming they will still want to get right with God then. i. Since many different events take place at the same time, there is no way the network can cover all events simultaneously. 31 Now the Philistines fought against Israel; the Israelites fled before them, and many fell dead on Mount Gilboa. Samuel told Saul that he and his sons would die the next day (1 Samuel 28:19). All his men died together that same day: As sad as anything was in this account, sad is the absence of any kind of sorrow or repentance or crying out to God at all on Saul’s part. b. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. 2 Samuel 1:18; 1 Kings 11:41; 14:19, 29; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 29:29 all refer to these writers and their books. It was the LORD’s mercy that did not allow David to join these enemies of the LORD. If the army of Israel is utterly routed, God still has His valiant men. 1-samuel 31:2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua, Saul's sons. While much beloved, Hannah was unable to conceive children, a fact that caused her great anguish. The men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. , they have cut Israel in half, drawing a line from west to east. Then Saul said to his armorbearer, “Draw your sword, and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised men come and thrust me through and abuse me.” But his armorbearer would not, for he was greatly afraid. ii. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. However, that officer refused to do so. SAUL HAVING LOST HIS ARMY AT GILBOA, AND HIS SONS BEING SLAIN, HE AND HIS ARMOR-BEARER KILL THEMSELVES. b. Now when the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, all the valiant men arose and traveled all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth Shan; and they came to Jabesh and burned them there. Feel free to hit the comments button on … Then the Philistines followed hard after Saul and his sons. God’s work is bigger than any man or any group of people. In fact, he mourned and composed a song in honor of Saul and Jonathan (The Song of the Bow, 2 Samuel 1:11-27). If the army of Israel is utterly routed, God still has His. And they had to go along it to the wall of the city (see Joshua 17:11 ). The "Spirit of the Lord" had left Saul and abided with David. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. b. RayFowler.org is a place to discuss various issues relating to God and life. b. Commentary for 1 Samuel 31 . ! But that is a dangerous assumption because repentance is a gift from God and if it is here today it should be received today. was the location of the Israeli army camp (1 Samuel 28:4), meaning that the battle turned so badly for Israel that they were in full retreat back to their own camp. Yet here he is trying to get divine guidance through Samuel by means of … With the Philistine army occupying territory. Welcome! The archers hit him, and he was severely wounded by the archers. Saul Takes His Life (). 1 Samuel 31:1 "Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa." But the same could not be said of Saul’s other sons. 1 1st Samuel Chapters 29-31 – John Karmelich 1. Salem Media Group. It was the LORD's mercy that did not … 3. And when his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell on his sword, and died with him. When one servant passes the scene, another arises to take his place. The story is familiar to many of us. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. The battle became intense against Saul: Saul, struck by many arrows and severely wounded, knew the battle was completely lost. a. Complete Concise Chapter Contents. burnt them--This was not a Hebrew custom. He was told the previous day that he would die (1 Samuel 28:19), yet he did not seem to prepare his soul to meet God in any way. CHAPTER 31. : This was a great defeat. , knew the battle was completely lost. i. 3 And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers. 1 Samuel 31 Matthew Henry's Commentary. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. . In taking the logical heirs to Saul’s throne, God cleared the way for David to become the next king of Israel. This is why the New Testament openly presents a higher standard for leaders, even saying they should be blameless for just cause before the world and God’s people (1 Timothy 3:2, Titus 1:6). All the valiant men arose, and went all night — To avoid discovery. We know that if Jonathan had survived he would have gladly yielded the throne to David (1 Samuel 18:1-4). If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. Instead of taking his fe… on the other side of the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them. They died by one and the same sword--the very weapon with which they had massacred the Lord's servants at Nob. So it happened the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. Commentary on 1 Samuel 30-31 (Death of Saul) September 28, 2015 Bill Pratt Leave a comment During the time covered in 1 Samuel 18-29, David built up a small army of 600 men from the outcasts of Israel, while Saul continued to hunt David down in order to kill him. In that culture, to have your dead body treated this way was considered a fate worse than death itself. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul’s sons: Tragically, Saul’s sons were affected in the judgment of God against their father Saul. They fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan. (8-13) Commentary on 1 Samuel 31:1-7 (Read 1 Samuel 31:1-7). Now when the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, all the valiant men arose and traveled all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth Shan; and they came to Jabesh and burned them there. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 31 and more! 28.) , and David wanted to be part of this group of Philistines (1 Samuel 29:2, 8). Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. See the insightful remarks by Stephen B. Chapman, 1 Samuel as Christian Scripture: A Theological Commentary (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2016), 87-89, to which I am indebted. Businessmen, diplomats, teachers, missionaries, and others were confined all together in substandard quarters. : Saul’s tragic death gave opportunity for the enemies of the LORD to disgrace His name. 1 Samuel 31:11-13 . Clarke explains well: “He was to all appearance mortally wounded, when he begged his armourbearer to extinguish the remaining spark of life… though this wound accelerated his death, yet it could not be properly the cause of it, as he was mortally wounded before, and did it on the conviction that he could not survive.”. They forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them: The victory of the Philistines was so complete that even those on the other side of the Jordan fled in terror before the Philistines. of any kind of sorrow or repentance or crying out to God at all on Saul’s part. Does the Amalekite’s statement contradict this passage, where it seems Saul killed himself? This shows why leaders have a higher responsibility, because their fall can endanger many more people than the fall of someone who is not a leader. You can check these in your browser security settings. : In a time of disgrace, loss, and tragedy like this, God still had. 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. No career could begin with fairer, brighter prospects than Saul had, and none could close in more absolute midnight of despair; and yet such a fate may befall us, unless we watch, and pray, and walk humbly with our God.” (Meyer). © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . SAUL HAVING LOST HIS ARMY AT GILBOA, AND HIS SONS BEING SLAIN, HE AND HIS ARMOR-BEARER KILL THEMSELVES. b. Saul’s sons: Their death was tragic, yet important in God’s plan. 2. The spirit As it was, David had to deal with Ishbosheth, the one surviving son of Saul before taking the undisputed throne of Israel (2 Samuel 2:8 through 4:12). I’m going to argue today that you are also what you worship. So Saul and his three sons--The influence of a directing Providence is evidently to be traced in permitting the death of Saul's three eldest and most energetic sons, particularly that of Jonathan, for whom, had he survived his father, a strong party would undoubtedly have risen and thus obstructed the path of David to the throne. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. : Their death was tragic, yet important in God’s plan. This chapter picks up the story of Saul from 1 Samuel 28. It may be that Saul fell on his sword, and life still lingered in him, so he asked this Amalekite to finish him off. a. ii. “There was also a special providence of God in taking away Jonathan, (who of all Saul’s sons seems to have been the fairest for the crown,) for the preventing divisions, which have happened amongst the people concerning the successor; David’s way to the crown being by this means made the more clear.” (Poole). Saul then falling on the point of his sword killed himself; and the armor bearer, who, according to Jewish writers, was Doeg, following the example of his master, put an end to his life also. Disobedience has consequences for kings! But the same could not be said of Saul’s other sons.

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