The Peacock Cichlid is one of the easiest and quietest cichlids to keep. Peacock cichlid are amongst the world’s most colorful fish. Also, remember that males are territorial so make sure they have enough space; a 100-gallon tank is sufficient for a community of six. That’s why we’ve put together this Peacock Cichlid Care Guide. It would get dirty, fast. These include the super-aggressive varieties and the ones that can grow beyond a maximum size of 6 inches such as Jaguar cichlids and Oscars. But first… I think it’s important that you understand why there is a limit to how many you can safely fit in one tank. This is because such skilled swimmers and active hunters are those fish. So, be sure to follow my simple outline below and keep your cichlids happy and healthy. What gives? The male will ‘perform’ at the entrance to his cave, to lure the females into their cave. Water hardness is a measure of the amount Of dissolved calcium and magnesium salts in the water. Highly infectious, the disease can wipe out the entire population of the tanks over a short period of time. Rocky is perfect for any tank or biotope, e.g. The amazing Spotted Climbing Perch is able to ‘gulp’ oxygen from the air and can crawl over land using its strong pectoral fins in search of water. To prevent this disease, avoid feeding too much protein or dried food to your fish and add more fiber, such as vegetables. Typically, this will look like the male making rapid sudden movements and darting to catch her attention. As a sidenote, the bigger you choose, the better. Poor water quality, more fish waste which means higher ammonia levels, illnesses in the fish and higher than normal aggression between the fish, just to name a few. Insects, larvae, zooplankton and other crustaceans will typically be these. They ‘re some of the colorful fish you’ll find, ranging from blue, gold, orange to yellow. A metallic blue, to a bright yellow, and its color will become even more enhanced during the breeding season. They ‘re some of the colorful fish you’ll find, ranging from blue, gold, orange to yellow. A 55 gallon tank can house up to 15 African cichlids depending on species, maximum size and temperament. This body of water is very consistent throughout the year when it comes to parameters and water chemistry. Many common and rare aquarium species of African cichlid… This tank should be 5 ft in length if you are going to house them with other tank mates. As with all other Peacock types, her female counterpart is a gray color. Setting up your tank. Petrotilapia, Labeotropheus, Pseudotropheus and Mbuna. Can you keep cichlids of peacock together? If you maintain a large peacocks community, you may need a tank that holds at least 100 gallons of water to further inhibit their territorial behaviour. But if you want that kind of beauty at home in your tank, you need to understand their specific needs. As with all other Peacock types, her female counterpart is a gray color. Interestingly, you should avoid tubifex worms and all mammalian meat, as this may cause bloat from Malawi. Is Cichlid Peacock Right For Your Aquarium? All Peacock Cichlids come from Lake Malawi as mentioned in our general overview section, so your aquarium should closely resemble the conditions found there. This can ensure your cichlids have enough space to comfortably breed and hide if necessary. Like I said above, the bigger the tank, the easier it gets to raise more cichlids. What Size Tank Do Peacock Cichlids Need? You might see them referenced under other names like Ruby Red and Rubin Red when you buy one. Complete with an on-line store, discussion forums, species profiles, member's tank pics, articles, books, videos and helpful links. It is the same size as other peacocks with the exception of red colour. Malawi white OB Closing Thoughts. Unfortunately, that’s the game you have to play with Cichlids. Most Cichlids are reputed to be aggressive while the Peacock Cichlid is fairly peaceful. While there are many different Cichlids with different sizes and shapes, you can estimate the size of tank appropriate for your species of Cichlids by this tentative guide. Malawi or African Cichlid. Here is the scientific classification of peacock cichlid: The Peacock Cichlid is a spectacular fish species native to Lake Malawi; it belongs to the genus Astatotilapia. African Peacock Butterfly (Aulonocara jacobfreibergi). They are found near the upper part of the rocky reefs in strong currents. It’s maximum length can be close to 4″. In general, Malawi aquariums have no need for plants with many keepers of this particular biotope do not add plants to their setup at all. Both experienced aquarists and beginner cichlid keepers can enjoy caring for peacock cichlids. – Tank Size. The tank size for African Cichlid varies from specie to specie. Place the tank near a power source in a low-traffic area, away from direct sunlight and drafts. The first thing that you need todo is to buy an appropriate tank for housing your Cichlid. Peacock cichlids may not be the easiest fish to keep due to their gallon and community tank requirements. This is also a behavior you’ll see when sifting through the substratum in aquariums. A site dedicated to Lake Malawi cichlids. They will hover above the sand and will strike them once they detect any movement from any invertebrate. Cichlids need a tank that is at least 4 feet long (1.3 meters) in order to breed. Mouthbrooding is thought to have evolved individually up to 14 times, and a return to substrate brooding as many as 3 separate times between both African and Neotropical species. And, most importantly, the level of stress amongst the people living in close quarters would be tremendous. You’ll also notice that their color is in fact iridescent instead of a matt colour. They are native to Lake Malawi, and are among the Cichlids’ most friendly and peaceful members. This means keeping water parameters, water quality, and diet recommended. Lake Malawi Cichlid species come in a wide variety of colours. If encouraging, you can raise the temperature of the water to 82 F as spawning usually takes place in warmer water. Your Peacock should grow to about 6 inches in length and is characterized by an oversized system of lateral lines. The female will generally leave them to her own devices in an aquarium after the fry has hatched. The Lake area where the Peacocks live is characterized by sandy and rocky areas. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Article on Malawi Mbuna cichlids - Tank setup. You should make sure that their tank mates are capable of handling their precise water parameters. The bigger the tank you’ll have fewer territorial issues. American Lobsters have longer life spans than both cats and dogs, living over 20 years. African cichlids do better when crowded with other African cichlids, but they should be monitored for aggressive behavior and removed if needed. Once the female joins the male, they go into the cave, and the female lays eggs in the nest. The perfect companions may be different Mbuna fish and Malawi cichlid species equivalent to Yellow Tail Acei cichlid, blue dolphin cichlids, Rusty cichlid, Perlmutt, Zebroids, and so on. So, if you had a 55-gallon aquarium and you wanted to fill it with African Cichlids… here’s how you would figure out the maximum amount of fish you could get. Name: Demasoni cichlid Scientific name: Pseudotropheus demasoni Alternative name: Dwarf mbuna Family: Cichlidae Size:3 inches (7.6 cm) Care level: Moderate to hard Minimum tank size: 55 gallons or more for larger groups (recommended to keep in large groups) Temperature: 23 degrees to 27 degrees Celsius Water conditions:5 to 8.5 pH Diet: Omnivorous Lifespan: 10 years Temperament:Aggressive Feel free to copy any picture you want from my web site. However, the cichlids are extremely variable in length with some growing up to about 8 to 9 inches long. She will stay inside the cave and incubate them in her mouth for up to 28 days until they have hatched (between 12-50 little peacocks you should expect). Males can be territorial, but overall they are peaceful and can make good fish for the community. Some prefer more rocky surroundings whereas others prefer sand. A fish that is experiencing this problem will float at the top of the tank and will not be able to remain near the bottom to search for food. But if you want to raise more than one fish, then you should consider going for at least a 100-gallon tank. This will also be based on how many individual fish you have: A single 4-inch Mbuna Cichlid would need at least a 15 Gallon long tank. Because of this, you should use only hardy plants (think Java Ferns or Anacharis) and make sure to anchor them. Red Peacock Cichlid (Stuartgranti, Aulonocara), The blue peacock cichlid (Aulonocara nyassae). Lake Malawi cichlids themed aquariums are one of the most beautiful out there. That is actually a Flavescent Peacock variety. Whatever species you admire, you’ll agree that peacock cichlids are some of the most colorful species of freshwater fish and it’s only fitting that they share their name with a regal bird. Peacock Cichlid Habitat and Tank Requirements. You’ll also notice that their color is in fact iridescent instead of a matt colour. The lake is known to have alkaline water known for its clarity and is extremely stable in terms of its pH and other key parameters. You can even put it onto your web site if you want to, just please don't pass it off as your own work. You actually have a lot of choices when it comes to choosing peacock cichlid tank mates. Peacock cichlides may be subject to a fatal condition known as Malawi bloat, which is similar to dropsy and results from eating excess meaty foods. Butwe always try to mimic as much similarity as possible between the two. The more space you have, the lower the stress level will be on your fish. Lake Malawi is one of the three rift lakes of Eastern Africa, along with Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria, and stretches 360 miles from north to south. Males can be territorial, but overall they are peaceful and can make good fish for the community. An active, skilled swimmer, the peacock is always on the lookout for potential prey. Inside your aquarium, you should try to emulate that. in one tank (AKA overstocking) will cause a number of different problems. As indicated in the above section on behavior, male peacocks are territorial and tend to be solitary. Tank Size: 55 gal (208L) for single, 75 gal (284L) for group; There are 22 species of peacock cichlids, all hailing from Lake Malawi. However, they are one of the easiest cichlids to keep. Cichlids generally get a bad reputation for being aggressive and they deserve that reputation in general. African Cichlids from Lake Malawi (Rock dwelling cichlids ==> mbuna) Click on the image to go to a new page with full size pictures of my cichlids. The most ideal tank size for the Bumblebee Cichlids is a 50-gallon aquarium for just one fish. I mean that big ‘ol aquarium for seven measly fish?? Interestingly their color is permanent, whilst the color of other Cichlids depends on their mood and breeding status. Lets say you have, or want to buy, a 55-gallon aquarium. The smallest types are the dwarf cichlids which are around the 3inch mark for example, demasonis, afras salousi just 3 examples. It is a creation made by man, and not occurring naturally. This disease has to be taken very seriously if you’re the owner of it. Bad bladder disease is another issue that can result from a poor diet. Your email address will not be published. A burning question in the minds of many “newbie aquarists”… how many cichlids can I fit into a XX gallon tank? Interestingly their color is permanent, whilst the color of other Cichlids depends on their mood and breeding status. Cichlids can be easy to take care of, but they are different from other types of freshwater fish in terms of behavior and water requirements. Sounds funny but put yourself in the position of the fish. The ancestor of the Lake Malawi and Lake Victoria cichlids were mouthbrooders. Automated page speed optimizations for fast site performance, Peacock cichlid: care, tank, size and types- 2020. Combine their beauty with their relatively docile behavior and you’ll find that adding them to your tank is difficult to resist! They have the same pH requirements and can be kept in an overstocked tank. Use an antibiotic to treat the new tank and either disinfect the old tank or get rid of it completely. It’s a weird, I know… but it’s the easiest way I’ve found. Typically, this will look like the male making rapid sudden movements and darting to catch her attention. Bumblebee goby: Size, lifespan, care and tank mates- 2020, Aulonocara stuartgranti (Flavescent Peacock), Nkhomo Peacock Benga (Aulonocara baenschi), Sunshine Peacock (stuartgranti at Aulonocara). African Cichlids prefer longer/wider tanks over taller tanks. There are currently at least 22 recognized Peacock Cichlid species but not all of them are traded in the aquarium hobby; the most popular are: In my experience, red and blue peacocks are the two most common varieties. The best way to keep them together is to make sure you keep a ratio between 1 male and 4 females. I am an independent blogger and the reviews are done based on my own opinions. Symptoms of this issue include lack of appetite, inflammation of the abdomen, labored breathing, and a tendency to remain at the bottom of the tank. African cichlids that are four inches or less will fit in a 30-gallon aquarium, but if they grow to between four inches and six inches, a 45-gallon tank will be more appropriate. Both females and young fish are dull grays in color, but when they mature, males become a stunning shade of iridescent yellow, gold, orange, red, purple, or blue. Also like peacocks, the males have bright colors, while females are drab. They are also among the most colourful freshwater aquarium fish. Well, you have come to the right place. Peacock Cichlid Description. This also means that a Malawi cichlid tank can make for an impactful display, full with brightly coloured, very active fish. The first thing you need to do is to make sure that any fish you want to keep with your peacocks can survive in the same water parameters; that’s why many people choose tank mates who are also Lake Malawi native. The tank that you keepyour Cichlid will be their habitat while they grow up. What’s the Right Size Tank for Your Cichlids? Luckily though Peacock Cichlids are not like other Cichlids and are the family’s ‘tamer’ members, and generally much more peaceful. There are over twenty names of peacock cichlids, and it is no wonder that every species is found in Lake Malawi, because this body of water is the ninth largest lake in the world! Fish tuberculosis is another serious disease that can infect cichlids. It is the 9th largest lake in the world and is located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania.
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